P1.4 HEMODYNAMICS OF PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: APPLICATION OF THE RESERVOIR-WAVE APPROACH
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Using the reservoir-wave approach, previously we characterized pulmonary vasculature mechanics with multiple interventions in a canine model. In the present study, we measured high-fidelity pulmonary arterial (PA) pressure, Doppler flow velocity, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in 11 patients referred for evaluation of exertional dyspnea. The analysis was performed using the reservoir-wave approach; wave intensity analysis was subsequently utilized to characterize the PA wave pattern. Our objective was to identify specific abnormalities associated with pulmonary hypertension.
Seven patients with varying PA pressures had reduced pulmonary vascular conductance (i.e., the amount of flow that the lungs can accept per pressure gradient), suggesting that these patients might benefit from pulmonary vasodilator therapy, some even in the absence of markedly elevated PA pressures.
Right ventricular (RV) performance was assessed by examining the work done by the wave component of systolic PA pressure. Wave work, the non-recoverable energy expended by the RV to eject blood, varied directly with mean PA pressure. Wave pressure was partitioned into two components: forward-travelling and reflected backward-travelling waves. Among patients with lower PA pressures, we found pressure-decreasing backward waves that aided the RV during ejection, as previously reported in normal experimental animals. Among patients with higher PA pressures, we detected pressure-increasing backward waves that impede RV ejection.
We conclude that it is important to measure pulmonary vascular conductance to properly assess the pulmonary vasculature. The reservoir-wave approach and wave intensity analysis may prove to be valuable tools to evaluate RV performance and may facilitate development of therapeutic strategies.
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TY - JOUR AU - Anukul Ghimire* AU - Mads Andersen AU - Lindsay Burrowes AU - J. Christopher Bouwmeester AU - Andrew Grant AU - Israel Belenkie AU - Nowell Fine AU - Barry Borlaug AU - John Tyberg PY - 2015 DA - 2015/11 TI - P1.4 HEMODYNAMICS OF PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: APPLICATION OF THE RESERVOIR-WAVE APPROACH JO - Artery Research SP - 4 EP - 4 VL - 12 IS - C SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.198 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.198 ID - Ghimire*2015 ER -