Artery Research

Volume 12, Issue C, December 2015, Pages 1 - 1

CD1 VASCULAR ADAPTATION TO EXTREME CONDITIONS: THE ROLE OF HYPOXIA

Authors
Rosa Maria Bruno*1, 2, Lorenzo Ghiadoni1, Lorenza Pratali2
1Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
2Institute of Clinical Physiology - CNR, Pisa, Italy
Available Online 23 November 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.188How to use a DOI?
Abstract

The study of vascular adaptation to extreme conditions, and in particular to hypoxia, represents a unique opportunity in cardiovascular physiology, with relevant translational implications. First, it has crucial clinical consequences for about 140 million people worldwide living at high altitude and chronically exposed to hypobaric hypoxia. Second, an increasing number of lowlanders are exposed to high altitude for recreational or working purposes, including aged, diseased individuals: in these cases, hypoxia could be a trigger for acute cardiovascular events. Finally, hypoxia plays a major role in the pathogenesis of many diseases and chronic conditions, as respiratory (i.e. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome) and cardiovascular disorders (i.e. heart failure, ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease). Thus, results from field studies at high altitude might be important for a deeper understanding of their pathophysiology. This review is aimed at summarizing the main findings in the field of chronic and acute vascular adaptation to hypoxia, focusing on the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelial function, as well as large artery behavior.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
12 - C
Pages
1 - 1
Publication Date
2015/11
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.188How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Rosa Maria Bruno*
AU  - Lorenzo Ghiadoni
AU  - Lorenza Pratali
PY  - 2015
DA  - 2015/11
TI  - CD1 VASCULAR ADAPTATION TO EXTREME CONDITIONS: THE ROLE OF HYPOXIA
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 1
EP  - 1
VL  - 12
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.188
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.188
ID  - Bruno*2015
ER  -