Artery Research

Volume 15, Issue C, September 2016, Pages 1 - 5

The effects of pipe water smoking on endothelial function in healthy non smoker volunteers

Authors
Rania Gabera, *, Manal Hamesab
aDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
bDepartment of Radiology, Tanta University, Egypt
*Corresponding author. Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt E-mail addresses: raniagaber2009@hotmail.com, mohamed_rawash2012@yahoo.com (R. Gaber).
Corresponding Author
Rania Gaber
Received 1 March 2016, Revised 7 May 2016, Accepted 10 May 2016, Available Online 26 May 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.05.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Pipe water smoking, Endothelial dysfunction, FMD%
Abstract

Background: Water pipe (WP) tobacco smoking is gaining wide popularity among young and middle aged males and females.

Aim of the work: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of 1st pipe water smoking on brachial Flow mediated dilatation% (FMD%) and Nitrate mediated dilatation% (NMD%) as markers of systemic endothelial function.

Methods: The present study comprised of 40 young healthy volunteers with no cardiovascular risk factors (the mean age 28 ± 5 years, males) randomized to either smoking (cigarette or pipe water) or not smoking in a crossover fashion. All the participants underwent a physical examination, laboratory analysis, Standard echocardiography, brachial artery FMD% = [(Dmax–Dbase)/Dbase] multiplied by 100 (%). and endothelium independent dilation (NMD%) = [(DNTG-Dbase)/Dbase] multiplied by 100 (%) were assessed with a high-resolution ultrasound probe and the arterial diameters before smoking, just after smoking, 1 h and 2 h after obtained.

Results: FMD% after 1 h of both water pipe and cigarette were significantly lower (p < 0.001) than FMD% of the base – line and normalized after 2 h. No differences in median NMD % values (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Our findings confirm that even one time pipe water smoking is associated with systemic endothelial dysfunction comparable to cigarette smoking in young non-smoker volunteers with no cardiovascular disorders or risk factors.

Copyright
© 2016 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)
View full text (HTML)

Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
15 - C
Pages
1 - 5
Publication Date
2016/05
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.05.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2016 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Rania Gaber
AU  - Manal Hamesa
PY  - 2016
DA  - 2016/05
TI  - The effects of pipe water smoking on endothelial function in healthy non smoker volunteers
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 1
EP  - 5
VL  - 15
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.05.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.05.001
ID  - Gaber2016
ER  -