Efficient Delignification of Pineapple Waste by Low-Pressure Steam Heating Pre-Treatment
Norhafiza Nordin, Rosli Md Illias, Nor Hasmaliana Abdul Manas, Aizi Nor Mazila Ramli, Nur Izyan Wan Azelee
Nur Izyan Wan Azelee
Available Online 30 December 2020.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.201229.002How to use a DOI?
- Pineapple waste, lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, low-pressure steam heating, pre-treatment
- Fermentable sugars synthesized from pineapple waste (PW) biomass can be potentially used to supplement increasing demand for the application in fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, cosmetics, and many more. To produce fermentable sugars, pre-treatment process is required to break the complex structure of PW. This is a challenging process due to the incalcitrant structure of lignocellulosic material. With this regard, extensive research have been done to improve the efficiency of pre-treatment method for maximum fermentable sugars production. This project focuses on assessing the efficiency of low-pressure steam heating (LPSH) as a mean of pre-treating a mixture of pineapple waste using commercial pressure cooker without using harsh catalysts and at a potentially reduced energy expenditure. Optimized condition of LPSH pre-treatment, (60 kPa, 30 minutes) at 2.5% biomass loading successfully resulted in 60.89% lignin removal and retained as high 91% of hemicellulose and 77.6% of cellulose from the biomass. Due to the high lignin removal, it is projected to improve the cellulose and hemicellulose accessibility to enzyme hydrolysis and enhance the sugar recovery.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Norhafiza Nordin AU - Rosli Md Illias AU - Nor Hasmaliana Abdul Manas AU - Aizi Nor Mazila Ramli AU - Nur Izyan Wan Azelee PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/30 TI - Efficient Delignification of Pineapple Waste by Low-Pressure Steam Heating Pre-Treatment BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Separation Technology 2020 (ICoST 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 10 EP - 16 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.201229.002 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.201229.002 ID - Nordin2020 ER -