Growth and Accumulation Of Pb In Native Hymenachne (Hymenachne acutigluma) In Tailings Area As Affected By Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer
Nyanyu Khodijah, Rujito Suwignyo, M.Umar Harun, Lucy Robiartini
Available Online October 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icoma-18.2019.25How to use a DOI?
- Tin mining, Accumulation, Native grass, Hymenachne acutigluma, Tailings
- Tin mining in the Islands of Bangka and Belitung left behind a vast area with low fertility. The tailings area of ex-tin mining is different from common soil both in terms of mineral and chemical compositions, with characteristics such as the unstable geochemical aspect, extreme pH value, cation-exchange capacity, low organic matter, and heavy metals pollution. Native hymenachne Hymenachne acutigluma (Steud)) is a type of perennial grass that has been used for long time by the local people in America, Australia, and Asia since it has good economic value as high-nutrient feed. The existence of this plant in the tailings areas have not been vigorously studied yet. Thus this study was aimed to determine the growth rate and accumulation of Pb in native hymenachne as affected by organic or inorganic fertilizer. The results showed that the hymenachne grew better after treatment with natural fertilizer and nitrogen. The accumulation of Pb at the tip of the leaves before and after treatment with organic and inorganic fertilizers was beyond the safe limit for feed. At the early utilization stage of tailings area after tin mining, native hymenachne (Top of Form (Hymenachnesp) is an invasive type of grass. Invasive vegetation could dominate the layers of soil and change the structure, composition, and the ecosystem’s ecological function. Invasive grass can compete in the terms of utilization of water, nutrients, and light. Native hymenachne (Top of FormHymenachne acutigluma (Steud)) has the potentials as pioneer vegetation and as phytoaccumulation of Pb. However, the utilization of hymenachne as animal feed has to consider the level of Pb in it if they come from tailings area, where the safe level of Pb in vegetables and its products based on SNI 2009 should not be over 0.5 mg/kg
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nyanyu Khodijah AU - Rujito Suwignyo AU - M.Umar Harun AU - Lucy Robiartini PY - 2019/10 DA - 2019/10 TI - Growth and Accumulation Of Pb In Native Hymenachne (Hymenachne acutigluma) In Tailings Area As Affected By Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer BT - International Conference on Maritime and Archipelago (ICoMA 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 115 EP - 120 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icoma-18.2019.25 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icoma-18.2019.25 ID - Khodijah2019/10 ER -