Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Education Technology and Economic Management

Lexical Aspect and L1 Transfer in the Acquisition of Tense-Aspect Morphology

Authors
Cuijing Qian
Corresponding Author
Cuijing Qian
Available Online March 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icetem-15.2015.44How to use a DOI?
Keywords
the Aspect Hypothesis, Lexical aspect, Tense-aspect morphology
Abstract
This study aims to investigate the acquisition of English verb morphology by learners of two typologically different L1s and the role of L1 transfer in the acquisition pattern, a cross-sectional study (n = 180) carried with Chinese and Mongolian college students learning English at two proficiency levels, using the cloze passage and composition. 120 cloze passages and 20 compositions were selected as data to be analyzed. Consistent with the Aspect Hypothesis, the results of MANOVA tests show a significant effect of lexical aspect on tense-aspect marking use: the perfective and past markings are strongly associated with Achievements/Accomplishments; the progressive marking is strongly associated with Activities; the present marking is strongly associated with States. Even though Mongolian and Chinese learners show virtually the same acquisition pattern, their performances in using the past, perfective, and progressive markings are different. Mongolian learners exhibiting superiority over Chinese learners in associating and correctly using the perfective and progressive markings, overuse of progressive markings by Mongolian learners, and overextending progressive markings to States by both L1 groups evidence L1 transfer. Contradictory findings–greater use and correct use of past markings with States than with Activities, overextending progressive markings to States, and learners’ preference for using progressive markings with Achievements to Accomplishments suggest that the methodology, L1, sentence structures and input may somewhat affect the results of tense-aspect marking studies.
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Proceedings
2015 International Conference on Education Technology and Economic Management
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
March 2015
ISBN
978-94-62520-49-3
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icetem-15.2015.44How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Cuijing Qian
PY  - 2015/03
DA  - 2015/03
TI  - Lexical Aspect and L1 Transfer in the Acquisition of Tense-Aspect Morphology
BT  - 2015 International Conference on Education Technology and Economic Management
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 286
EP  - 292
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icetem-15.2015.44
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icetem-15.2015.44
ID  - Qian2015/03
ER  -