Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)

Reconstruction of Nias, Devayan, and Sigulai Languages

Authors
Dwi Widayati
Corresponding Author
Dwi Widayati
Available Online 25 March 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.048How to use a DOI?
Keywords
reconstruction, phoneme, Nias-Devayan-Sigulai languages
Abstract
Nias (also Batu) and Simeulue Islands which are included in the Barrier Islands have a very unique diversity of languages. The languages on these islands, namely Nias, Devayan, and Sigulai languages, still maintain the Paleo-Hesperonesian languages. This uniqueness is seen in the vocabulary that has similarities and differences between them. Although there are differences and similarities, the three languages are assumed to be related as a family of Austronesian languages. In this connection, this paper aims to find a system of the three languages as proof of their kinship. The theory used is Comparative Historical Linguistics with a bottom-up approach. This is consistent with the method used, namely the comparative method, which compares the changes and correspondence of sounds between cognate sets descriptively and diachronically, as well as tracking inheritance between periods, namely the Proto Austronesian inheritance documents in Nias, Devayan, and Sigulai languages. From the analysis it was concluded that Vocal and consonant features in NS, DV, and SG are arranged in a correspondence set and produce 6 Nias-Devayan-Sigulai proto vocal systems, namely * i, * u, * e, * Ý, * o, and * a and 19 consonant systems proto Nias-Devayan-Sigulai, i.e. * b, * p, * m, * w, * f, * t, * d, * s, *z, * n, * l, * r, * r, * y, * k, * g, * x, * K, and * h. The PNDS vowels and consonants are inherited linearly and innovatively in several sound correspondence devices.
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Proceedings
4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)
Publication Date
25 March 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-939-7
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.048How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dwi Widayati
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/03/25
TI  - Reconstruction of Nias, Devayan, and Sigulai Languages
BT  - 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 408
EP  - 427
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.048
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.048
ID  - Widayati2020
ER  -