The Meaning of Friends for Javanese Adolescent: A Preliminary Study in Indonesia
- 10.2991/icaaip-17.2018.51How to use a DOI?
- meaning of friend, Javanese adolescent, psychological indigenous approach
This exploratory research done by Indigenous psychological approach aimed to understand the meaning of friend especially for Javanese adolescent in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Going through adolescent phase they have longer getting along with friends than with parents. Furthermore, friendship was part of the social relationship that could not be separated by cultural influence. The sample of 346 teenagers was gained by multistage cluster random sampling identified themselves as Javanese based on their parents' ethnicity. An open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data with two questions i.e. "How do you describe a friend? And "Where do you make friend mostly?" Content analysis was used to analyze the data. Result analysis showed that boys and girls had the same point of view in describing friends, firstly from the function of friends leading the labeling of friends that categorized friends horizontally; secondly from the criteria of friend such as depth of emotional bonding leading to friends level that categorized friends vertically. But there was a difference in prioritizing friends in which girls needed friends as a best friend for sharing (emotional aspect) while boys needed friends as a good friend for playmate (physical aspect); and difference in prioritizing criteria of friends. Companionship is more needed than closeness for boys, but girls are to the contrary. Girls tend to need closeness first then companionship. However, in trustworthiness, both of them put it on the top priority. The existing label and level in friendship implied the existence of quality in friendship. From the media, although friendship through social media (online friendship) developed broadly, friend relation in the real world (offline friendship), especially at school, still become the main need of Javanese adolescent.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Tri Rejeki Andayani PY - 2017/08 DA - 2017/08 TI - The Meaning of Friends for Javanese Adolescent: A Preliminary Study in Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Asian Association of Indigenous and Cultural Psychology (ICAAIP 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 220 EP - 224 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icaaip-17.2018.51 DO - 10.2991/icaaip-17.2018.51 ID - Andayani2017/08 ER -