Artery Research

Volume 27, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 14 - 19

Sleep Quality is associated with Central Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study

Authors
Youngju Choi1, 2, ORCID, Nobuhiko Akazawa1, 3, Asako Zempo-Miyaki1, 4, Song-Gyu Ra1, 5, Seiji Maeda1, *, ORCID
1Faculty of Health and Sport Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
2Institute of Sports & Arts Convergence, Inha University, Korea
3Department of Sports Research, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan
4Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Ryutsu Keizai University, Ryugasaki, Japan
5Institute of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan
*Corresponding author. Email: maeda.seiji.gn@u.tsukuba.ac.jp
Corresponding Author
Seiji Maeda
Received 28 May 2020, Accepted 28 September 2020, Available Online 12 October 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201004.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Actigraphy, sleep quality, pulse wave velocity, PSQI
Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the associations between sleep quality and arterial stiffness in healthy postmenopausal women. A total of 31 healthy postmenopausal women aged between 50 and 74 years participated in this study. Objectively and subjectively measured sleep quantity and quality were concomitantly obtained by a waist-worn actigraphy, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire, and daily sleep diary. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), and femoral-ankle PWV (faPWV) were measured as indices of arterial stiffness. Based on the PSQI score, the participants were divided into good (PSQI < 5.5; n = 21) and poor (PSQI > 5.5; n = 10) sleepers. Self-reported sleep duration was significantly longer in poor sleepers than in good sleepers. However, there was no difference in total sleep time measured by actigraphy between the two groups. Additionally, sleep latency and wake after sleep onset significantly increased, and sleep efficiency significantly decreased in poor sleepers than in good sleepers. The cfPWV and baPWV were significantly higher in poor sleepers than in good sleepers, even after adjustment for risk factors (i.e., age, blood pressure, and physical activity), but no difference in faPWV. These results suggest that decreased sleep quality is associated with an increase in central arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women.

Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
27 - 1
Pages
14 - 19
Publication Date
2020/10
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201004.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Youngju Choi
AU  - Nobuhiko Akazawa
AU  - Asako Zempo-Miyaki
AU  - Song-Gyu Ra
AU  - Seiji Maeda
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/10
TI  - Sleep Quality is associated with Central Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 14
EP  - 19
VL  - 27
IS  - 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201004.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201004.001
ID  - Choi2020
ER  -