Proceedings of the 9th Joint International Conference on Information Sciences (JCIS-06)

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342 articles
Proceedings Article

Consistent Fuzzy Linguistic Preference Relations for Computer Integrated Manufactory Systems Selection

Tien-Chin Wang, Yueh-Hsiang Chen
Most decision-making and problem-solving tasks are too complex to be understood quantitatively. People perform such tasks using knowledge that is imprecise rather than precise. This study presents consistent fuzzy linguistic preference relations rather than fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) to...
Proceedings Article

Application of Inverse Fuzzy Logical Inference to Breakdown Diagnosis

Jeng-Jong Lin
In this paper, we present a search model, which divide symptoms into two sets, i.e., the positive symptom set (J1) and the negative symptom set (J2), to eliminate the causes of low possibility in the cause set to more effectively find various possible breakdown causes occurred during spinning process....
Proceedings Article

Supply chain inventory strategies using fuzzy neural networks

Hui Wee, C. Edward Wang, J. C. Chen, K.-J. Wang, Y.-S. Lin
In the fast-changing business environment, supply chains are affected by the production and inventory strategies, which influence the amount of information needed by the chains. The firms must therefore determine the best supply chain inventory strategies for their products. The lack of precise market...
Proceedings Article

Bargaining Strategies for Construction Joint Ventures by Fuzzy Logic

Min-Ren Yan, Chien-Liang Lin, Wei Lo
As the modern construction market and environment encounter drastic changes, a single company alone can no longer manage a complex project and satisfy project owner’s needs. Joint venture (JV) of companies, formed to integrate various expertises, becomes a necessity to obtain competitive advantages to...
Proceedings Article

Fuzzy Information Retrieval Techniques for Help-Seeking System

Yueh-Min Huang, Yen-Hung Kuo, Jim-Min Lin, Yu-Lin Jeng, Juei-Nan Chen
The forum system is useful for knowledge sharing and help-seeking. However, the existed forums are having the same problem such like nobody to answer the given questions. In order to attack the problem, this study proposes a human-expert oriented forum architecture to perform efficient knowledge sharing....
Proceedings Article

Increasing and Decreasing with Fuzzy Time Series

Ming-Tao Chou, Hsuan-Shih Lee
There is a significant problem associated with the fuzzy time series. That is a strict increasing and decreasing case. Under the discussion case, fuzzy time series model arise a continuous increasing/decreasing forecasting value. From the illustrative example, we can see that our definition not only...
Proceedings Article

The use of grey-based Taguchi methods to determine Process Parameter of linear motion guide with Multiple Performance Characteristics

Yung Fa Hsiao, Kuang Yuan Kung, Y.S. Tarng
By the grey-based Taguchi methods, this study attempts to analyze the process parameters pertinent to the multiple performance characteristics of linear motion guides and obtain the multiple performance characteristics of the noise level, push force value and horizontal combination precision of the linear...
Proceedings Article

Hybrid Neural Network Bankruptcy Prediction: An Integration of Financial Ratios, Intellectual Capital Ratios, MDA, and Neural Network Learning

Wen-Kuei Hsieh, Shang-Ming Liu, Sung-Yi Hsieh
One purpose of this paper is to propose hybrid neural network models for bankruptcy prediction. The proposed hybrid neural network models are, respecitvely, a MDA model integrated with financial ratios, a MDA model integrated with financial ratios and intellectual capital ratios, a MDA-assisted neural...
Proceedings Article

Novel Silicon-Based Microwave Bandstop Filters for Communication Systems

Yeong-Lin Lai, Pei-Yen Cheng
This paper presents state-of-the-art silicon-based bandstop filters for the realization of microwave system-on-a-chip (SOC) communication systems. The characteristics of the bandstop filters are designed by the adjustment of the geometric dimensions of the filters in order to meet different system requirements....
Proceedings Article

Predicting Technical Investors' Decisions in a Financial Market through Agent-Based Simulation

Yoshiki Kano, Takao Terano
We are developing an artificial stock market model with investor agents in order to analyze characteristics of a market price. In this paper, we analyze the effects of agent’s reaction rate to technical indicators in a financial market. Intensive experiments have suggested that trend follow investor...
Proceedings Article

A Fuzzy Preference Relations to Service Innovation Project Selection

Tsuen-Ho Hsu, Ling-Zhong Lin
In order to reduce the bias of linguistic recognitions among the group decision makings, this study develops “fuzzy multiple preference model” with two stages to better determining the suitable service innovation. A real numerical application in the chain wholesale has also been demonstrated.
Proceedings Article

Multicast Wavelength Assignment with Sparse Wavelength Converters to Maximize the Network Capacity using ILP formulation in WDM Mesh Networks

San-Nan Lee
We have studied the multicast routing and wavelength assignment (MC-RWA) problem in this paper, and focused on maximizing the network capacity and minimizing the resources used by a multicast session. We show that a multicast wavelength assignment problem is quite different from a unicast wavelength...
Proceedings Article

Optical reconstruction of digital hologram using cascaded liquid crystal spatial light modulators

Mao-Ling Chen, Chau-Jern Cheng, Mei-Li Hsieh
A dynamic optical reconstructed system for digital hologram is developed using two commercially available twisted-nematic-liquid- crystal spatial light modulators (TNLC-SLMs), which are operating in the amplitude- and phase-mostly modulation modes, respectively. The complex modulated properties of this...
Proceedings Article

Grid Reconfigurable Optical Wireless Network (GROW-Net) åÁV A New Hybrid Optical Wireless Access Network Architecture

Wei-tao Shaw, David Gutierrez, Kyeongsoo. Kim, Ning Cheng, Shing-Hwa Wong, Shing-Hwa Yen
In this paper we have proposed the GROW-Net, a novel hybrid optical wireless access network architecture. GROW-Net is designed to provide cost-effective broadband access connections in a highly populated and dense metropolitan area and consists of an optical grid network that provides a broadband backhauling,...
Proceedings Article

Building a Simulation Model of Foreign Exchange Market: Reproduction of Yen Dollar Market

Ayako Usami, Ryunosuke Tsuya, Takashi Iba, Hideki Takayasu
The purpose of this study is to make a basic Foreign Exchange Market Model. It is important to make a simple basic model at first to understand the complex emergence of exchange rate which is caused by various factors. The model is a multiagent-based model, consisting of dealer and speculator. Both agents’...
Proceedings Article

Finding The Finger By The Boundary Vector Product

Yuan-Fei Cheng
A finger finding procedure has been presented to recognize the finger number of the hand gesture. The hand gesture is extracted from the stationary background and transformed into a binary image. The hue attribute, that is, the I value in the YIQ color space is used to extract the hand gesture shape....
Proceedings Article

Head-Shoulder Moving Object Contour Tracking using Shape Model

Yong-Ren Huang, Chung-Ming Kuo, Chaur-Heh Hsieh
This paper proposes a new approach for tracking the contour of moving object for head-shoulder video sequence using initial shape model. First, we can utilize manual process or some segmentation approach to obtain the initial shape model. Then, we detect the changing ratio of intensity outside the bounding...
Proceedings Article

Efficient Surface Interpolation with Occlusion Detection

Boubakeur Boufama, Houman Rastgar, Saida Bouakaz
In this paper we present a novel dense matching algorithm that relies on sparse stereo data in order to build a dense disparity map. The algorithm uses a recursive updating scheme to estimate the dense stereo data using various interpolation techniques. The major problem of classical template matching...
Proceedings Article

Signature recognition using conjugate gradient neural networks

Jamal Abu Hasna
SIGNATURE RECOGNITION USING CONJUGATE GRADIENT NEURAL NETWORKS Transforming the input before training yields much lower error, but is more sensitive. Most importantly, we have presented system can vary in security depending on the situation. Uses for such a system range from securing a credit card transaction...
Proceedings Article

Novel BCD Circuits Design Using And-Or-Inverter Gate and Its Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata Implementation

JiaChun Lin, JenYin Yeh, WeiChih Tsai
Quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) provide a novel electronics paradigm for information processing and communication. A basic quantum-dot cell consists of several quantum dots with two excess electrons. A binary coded decimal (BCD) and a decimal coded binary (DCB) circuit based on QCA logic gates: the...
Proceedings Article

New Approach to Financial Time Series Forecasting - Quantum Minimization Regularizing BWGC and NGARCH Composite Model

Bao Rong Chang, Hsiu Fen Tsai
A hybrid BPNN-weighted GREY-C3LSP prediction (BWGC) is used for resolving the overshooting phenomenon significantly; however, it may lose the localization once volatility clustering occurs. Thus, we propose a compensation to deal with the time-varying variance in the residual errors, that is, incorporating...
Proceedings Article

Does Money Matter? An Artificial Intelligence Approach

Jane Binner, Barry Jones, Graham Kendall, Jonathan Tepper, Peter Tino
This paper provides the most complete evidence to date on the importance of monetary aggregates as a policy tool in an inflation forecasting experiment. Every possible definition of ‘money’ in the USA is being considered for the full data period (1960 – 2006), using the most sophisticated non-linear...
Proceedings Article

The Development of Neural Network Models by Revised Particle Swarm Optimization

Peitsang Wu, Chin-Shiuh Shieh, Jar-Her Kao
A novel training paradigm for artificial neural networks had been developed and presented in this article. In the proposed approach, a revised version of particle swarm optimization (PSO) had been employed to find out the optimal connection weights of feed-forward artificial neural networks for given...
Proceedings Article

How does Sample Size Affect GARCH Models?

HS Raymond NG, KP LAM
GARCH model has a long history and permeates the modern financial theory. Most researchers use several thousands of financial data and maximum likelihood to estimate the coefficients of model. Statistically, more samples imply better estimation but are hard to obtain. How many samples are sufficient...
Proceedings Article

Decision Support for IC Molding Parameter Settings Using Grey Relational Analysis and Neural Network

Yu-Min Chiang, Chung-Hsien Chou, Yung-Yuan Chuang
In order to be competitive in the semiconductor manufacturing industry, quality improvement and yield enhancement have received increasing attention. The research focuses on the molding process of Integrated Circuit (IC) assembly. The defects often occurred in molding process include hole, vein, crack,...
Proceedings Article

New Methods for Evaluating Students' Answerscripts Using Vague Values

Shyi-Ming Chen, Hui-Yu Wang
In this paper, we present two new methods for evaluating students’ answerscripts using vague values, where the evaluating marks awarded to the questions in the students’ answerscripts are represented by vague values. The vague mark awarded to each question of a student’s answerscript can be regarded...
Proceedings Article

Feasibility Assessment of Support Vector Regression Models with Immune Algorithms in Predicting Fatigue Life of Composites

Ping-Feng Pai, Wei-Chiang Hong, Feng-Min Lai, Jia-Hroung Wu, Shun-Lin Yang
Predicting fatigue life of composite materials is essential to increase reliability of manufacturing systems. The predicting techniques for fatigue life of composite materials are not widely investigated. The support vector regression (SVR) is an emerging forecasting technique and has been applied in...
Proceedings Article

Assessing the Effect of Oil Price Shock Using an Energy-Economy Decision Model with Technology Characteristics

Shih-Mo Lin, Chin-Wen Yang, Chung-Huang Huang
The significant jump in world crude oil price over the past year has raised great concern over the economic impact that such a price shock may bring about on Taiwan’s economy, which has been characterized by extremely high import-oil dependence. Previous analyses have been tackling similar issue from...
Proceedings Article

Complexity and entropy density analysis of the Korean stock market

Jeong won Lee, Joongwoo Park, Hang-Hyun Jo, Jae-Suk Yang, Hie-Tae Moon
In this paper, we studied complexity and entropy density of stock market by modeling epsilon-machine of Korean Composition Stock Price Index (KOSPI) from year 1992 to 2003 using causal-state splitting reconstruction (CSSR) algorithm.
Proceedings Article

Application of fuzzy linear programming to transportation planning decision problems with multiple fuzzy goals

Tien-Fu Liang
This work develops a fuzzy linear programming (FLP) method for solving the transportation planning decision (TPD) problems with fuzzy goals, available supply and forecast demand. The proposed method attempts to minimize the total production and transportation costs and the total delivery time with reference...
Proceedings Article

Artificial Neural Networks in Insurance Loss Reserving

Peter Mulquiney
In this paper we analyse insurance data using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)[1]. In particular, we use ANN for the problem of Loss Reserving. Loss reserving is the practice of estimating the future payments for the claims which have occurred on an insurance portfolio. A difficulty in forecasting future...
Proceedings Article

An efficient real-time system for active video conferencing

Leila Sabeti, Q. M. Jonathan Wu, Jason Z. Zhang
This paper describes a new approach for implementation of an efficient real-time system proper for using in active video conferencing sessions. A camera tracks presenter’s head and its movements and orientations in an unconstrained environment automatically by its pan and tilt actions. Head or face is...
Proceedings Article

A Fuzzy Scheduling System for Dedicated Machine Constraint

Arthur M.D. Shr, Alan Liu, Yen-Ru Cheng
In this paper, we propose the Fuzzy Scheduling System (FSS) to deal with the dedicated machine constraint. The constraint of having a dedicated machine for photolithography process is the new issue introduced in photolithography machinery due to natural bias. If we randomly schedule the wafer lots to...
Proceedings Article

A New Model of Isoseismal Area Assessment Based on Information Granule Diffusion

Ye Xue, Chongfu Huang
Utilizing the technique of information granule diffusion and fuzzy inference with max-min operation, this paper provides a new model to estimate isoseismal area by earthquake magnitude. The model does not depend on any extra condition but scanty historical earthquake recorders. The technique of information...
Proceedings Article

Enhancing Performance of Relational Fuzzy Neural Networks with Square BK-Products

Warren L. Davis IV, Ladislav Kohout
In this paper, we extend research done in max-min fuzzy neural networks in several important ways. We replace max and min operations use in the fuzzy operations by more general t-norms and co-norms, respectively. In addition, instead of the Łukasiewicz equivalence connective used in the network of Reyes-Garcia...
Proceedings Article

New All-optical Wavelength Auto-router Based on Multibranch Waveguides

Shih-Yuan Chen, Mao-Hsiung Chen, Yaw-Dong Wu, Chih-Fu Chang
A new optical device for wavelength auto-router was proposed. Such a structure is useful in the integrated-optic for optical operation and data communication. We use the finite-difference beam propagation method to investigate the phenomenon of the proposed numerical model.
Proceedings Article

The time-series relation between monthly sales and stock prices

Yann-ching Tsai, Hsueh-Fang Chien, Shu-Hua Lee
Security Exchange Commission in Taiwan requires all public companies to file and announce their monthly sales figure by the of the following month. This requirement has established another channel for market investors to obtain additional accounting information on a more timely basis than quarterly or...
Proceedings Article

Does Information Technology Always Help? Theory and Evidence from Taiwan's Banking Industry

Hsieh Meng-Fen, Shirley J. Ho
Information technology (IT) has been extensively adopted in banking industries. The reasons for this massive adoption of IT are mainly twofold: for individual banks, IT can reduce banks’ operational costs (the cost advantage), and facilitate transactions among customers within the same network (the network...
Proceedings Article

Evolutionary Fuzzy Case-based Reasoning for Financial Performance Ranking

Sheng-Tun Li, Hei-Fong Ho, Yi-Chung Cheng
we propose a hybrid decision model for supporting the ranking financial status of corporations using case-based reasoning augmented with genetic algorithms and the fuzzy nearest neighbor method. An empirical experimentation on 746 cases was conducted that shows that the average accuracy of the ranking...
Proceedings Article

Applying Grey Relation Analysis to Establish the Financial Distress Prediction Model for Electronic Companies in Taiwan

Meng-Fen Hsieh, Rong-Tsu Wang, I-Chuan Lu
Most researches have focused on the use of document feedback or factor analysis as metrics for financial distress prediction. The theoretical basis for the former is relatively weak, while the latter is severely limited by data requirements. As such, this paper will instead use grey relation analysis...
Proceedings Article

Recognition of profitable customers for dental services marketing--a case of dental clinics in Taiwan

Bih-Yaw Shih, Wan-I Lee, Yi-Shun Chung, Ai-Wei Chen, Yichaio Sui
The medical care industry has been dramatically developed in the last two decades in Taiwan and it has resulted in an extremely risky position. The purpose of the research was the development of a neural network model to recognize profitable customers for dental services marketing. Data set was built...
Proceedings Article

An Effective Drilling Wear Measurement based on Visual Inspection Technique

Yu-Teng Liang, Yih-Chih Chiou
The purpose of this research is to use the visual inspection technique for the automatic tool wear measurement of different coated drills. The tool wear images with the different coated drilling are captured using a machine vision system incorporating with an effective vertex detection algorithm based...
Proceedings Article

Analysis and Assessment of Knowledge Sharing Risk in the Virtual Enterprise

Tian-hui You, Zhu Zhu, Zhu-chao Yu
A method to analyze and assess knowledge sharing risks in the virtual enterprise is proposed. Firstly, based on risks analysis, an index system is set up to assess such risks as the core competence losing risk, the enterprise culture risk, the knowledge spillover effect risk and the moral risk, etc.....
Proceedings Article

High-Speed Fuzzy Inference Processor Using Active Rules Identification

Shih-Hsu Huang, Shi-Zhi Liu, Yi-Rung Chen, Jian-Yuan Lai
Once the input values are given, the active rules in a fuzzy inference execution have been determined. Based on the observation, our approach is to identify the active rules before fuzzy inference execution. To achieve this goal, our architecture provides the following two mechanisms: (1) a mechanism...
Proceedings Article

Applying XCS Model to Spread Trading of Taiwan Stock Index Futures

Jung-Bin Li, Shih-Chuan Fu, An-Pin Chen
This study attempts to find the possibility of making relatively higher profit with lower risk when trading futures commodities. The system applies XCS classifiers to explore the rules of spread trading of these commodities. Our simulation holds a trading strategy that in every transaction, the proposed...
Proceedings Article

An Evolutionary Weight Encoding Scheme and Crossover Methodology in Portfolio Assets Allocation

Ping-Chen Lin, Po-Chang Ko, Hsin-Chieh Wang
Most of GA-based portfolio assets allocation uses normalization method to allocate investment asset’s weight. However, the normalization process will cause unease converging and even diverging characteristics, because it changes the gene’s relativity of address in chromosome. In this paper, we propose...
Proceedings Article

An Improvement on Secure E-mail Protocols Providing Perfect Forward Secrecy

Iuon-Chang Lin, Yang-Bin Lin, Chung-Ming Wang
In 2005, Sun, Hsieh, and Hwang proposed two secure e-mail protocols with perfect forward secrecy. In the first protocol, the authors apply smart card and Diffie-Hellman key agreement scheme to achieve the perfect forward secrecy. However, due to it requires a smart card to store some parameters, it is...